The Revolt of the Masses JOSE ORTEGA Y GASSET THE REVOLT OF THE MASSES AUTHORIZED TRANSLATION FROM THE SPANISH W □ W □ NORTON. José Ortega Y. Gasset The Dissection of the Mass-Man Begins 7. Why the Masses Intervene in Everything, and Why Their Intervention is Solely by Violence . SUMMARY OF THE BOOK THE REVOLT OF THE MASSES BY JOSE ORTEGA Y GASSET CHAPTER 1 THE COMING OF THE MASSES In this chapter, Jose.
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In fact, Ortega thinks all, or almost all, modern experts are the definition of mediocrity, and the masses deferring to them is like deferring to a mirror. Civilisation is before all, the will to live in common, A man is uncivi- lised, barbarian in the degree in which he does not ortga others into account. This is no mere wild statement. Still less anything which obliges him to make contact with the inexorable depths of his own destiny.
The comic exists wherever life has no basis of inevita- bleness on which a stand is taken without reserves.
The Revolt of the Masses
For the pages of Erasmus do not treat of this aspect of the matter. It has also grown in a more imme- diate and mysterious direction.
Consequently, from this standpoint, the up- rising of the masses implies a fabulous increase of vital possibilities, quite the contrary of what we hear so often about the decadence of Europe. At length, the day ortegs on jjose that old, sometimes agelong, desire seems to be fully attained, reality accepts it and submits to it.
They symbolise, and to a great extent constitute, the actual domination of the masses, and their barbarism is the most immediate cause of European demoralisation.
SUMMARY OF THE BOOK THE REVOLT OF THE MASSES BY | Dibia Emmanuel –
Each individual or small group occupied a place, its own, in country, village, town, or quarter ov the great city. Shopbop Designer Orteya Brands. Ships from and sold by Amazon.
Yes, Ortega does display a simplistic, if touching, faith, in liberal democracy, which has since his time shown its deficiency. It was not until the revolution of the middle class in that the State became powerful as they applied their undeniable qualities to its running which brought an end to revolutions and ever since, there has been no genuine revolutions in Europe. The spoiled child is the heir who behaves exclusively as a mere heir. Our circumstances — these possibilities — form the portion of life given us, imposed on us.
The work run through pages and is divided into fifteen chapters and it is in this that he brings to light a new understanding of what rrvolt masses and the society is all about.
But, strictly speaking, within both these social classes, there are to be found mass and genuine minority. Top Reviews Most recent Top Reviews. Just as the cinemato- graph and the illustrated journals place before the eyes of the average man the remotest spots on the planet; news- papers and conversations supply him with accounts of these new intellectual feats, which are confirmed by the recently -invented technical apparatus which he sees in the shop windows.
See all 69 reviews. No; for any- one who has a sense of the real hose of aristocracies, the spectacle of the mass incites and enflames him T as the sight of virgin marble does the sculptor.
He also feels that we are acting like little noisy children just let loose from school. There is no culture where aesthetic controversy does not recognize the necessity of justifying the work of art. It would be of great value to treat the matter thoroughly and to specify in detail what arc the historical presuppositions, vita!
The years are passing and there is the risk that the European will grow accustomed to the lower tone of the existence he is at present living, will get used neither tje rule others nor to rule himself.
This cynic did nothing but sabot er the civilisation of the time. Buy the selected items together This item: One person found this helpful.
Not that it affords positive solutions to the new aspect of vital conditions — life is always different from what it was — but that it prevents us committing the ingenuous mistakes of other times. Scattered about the world in small groups, or solitary, they lived a life, to all appearances, divergent, dissociate, apart. The mass-man believes that the civilisation into which he was bom and w hich he makes gasaet of, is as spontane- ous and self-producing as Nature, and ipso facto he is changed into primitive man.
This disproportion between the complex subtlety of the problems and the minds that should study them will be- come greater if a remedy be not found, and it consti- tutes the basic tragedy of our civilisation. In no more than a decade science has extended the cosmic horizon to an incredible degree. This means that there is a renunciation of the common life based on culture, which is subject to standards, and a return to the common life of barbarism. We are astonished at this increase, which has reached to millions in a century, when the really astonishing fact is the teeming fertility of Europe.
Now, with the triumph of the masses, nobody supplies those things. But this vital destiny is not a kind of mechanism. For this form of violence is none other than reason exasperated. All that haste, in jkse order of life, to adopt tragic, conclusive, final attitudes is mere appearance.
The Revolt of the Masses: JosÃ© Ortega y Gasset: : Books
The aristo- crat inherits, that is to say, he finds attributed to lus per- son, conditions of life which he has not created, and which, therefore, are not produced in organic union with his personal, individual existence. Far from this being the case, the post-war period has converted the man of science into a new so- cial pariah. Restrictions, standards, courtesy, jise methods, justice, reason!
Spontaneous social action will be broken up over and over again by State intervention; no new seed will be able to fructify.
The mass-man would never have accepted authority external to himself had not his surroundings violently forced him to do so. The man who to-day is attempting to take the lead in Rotega existence is very different from the man who directed the XIXth Century, but he was produced and prepared by the XIXth Century. Decline is from a higher to a low er state.
On this view, the vital level represented by Europe at the present day is superior to the whole of the human past, but if we look to the future, we are made to fear that it will neither preserve the level reached nor at- tain to a higher one, but rather will recede and fall back upon gawset heights.
Williams – – The Classical Review 39 We shall have to say that he is a learned ignoramus, w T hich is a very serious matter, as it implies that he is a person who is ignorant, not in the fashion of the ignorant man, but with all the petulance of one who is learned in his own special line.
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