Descriptions and articles about the Akee, scientifically known as Blighia sapida in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Overview; Brief Summary; Molecular Bio. Blighia sapida (Sapindaceae). Common Names. English: ackee, akee. Spanish: akí, seso vegetal. French: aki, arbre fricassé. Portuguese: castanheiro do Africa. Originating in tropical West Africa, the Ackee tree is cultivated for its fruit which are cooked and eaten as a vegetable. It is now widely.
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The wood is also used as firewood and for charcoal production. Seeds are sensitive to desiccation and are considered short-lived.
Blighia sapida – Plant Finder
It is moderately durable and is quite resistant to termite attack. All parts of the fruit are poisonous, yet the arils are eaten in some countries, particularly in Jamaica where it has been adopted as the national fruit.
Seedlings grow best in gaps in the forest canopy, with a mean annual height increment of 70 cm. In areas with occasional flooding, mounds of 60—90 cm high are made before transplanting of seedlings to ensure plant survival.
It has an extensive rooting system. Each fruit is a three-chambered capsule. Now containing plants. The consumption of unripe seed arils has probably caused many blighoa of encephalopathy in children in Burkina Faso and other West African countries.
Propagation by grafting and air layering was also successful. Blighia sapida is classified as a non-pioneer light demander.
The seed oil is promising for industrial use, especially as lubricant and speciality surfactant. The wood is also used as firewood and for charcoal production. It has good tolerance to drought but poor tolerance to slow-draining or permanently waterlogged soils. It prefers well-drained deep fertile soils, but occurs also on non-fertile bligia soils and limestone.
Jamaicans are among the only people in the world today who actually eat this fruit on a regular basis. Fruits mature about 6 months after flowering, but in orchards fruit development may take only 2 months.
In traditional medicine, sap from terminal buds is instilled in the eyes to treat ophthalmia and conjunctivites. The edible arils certainly offer possibilities for economic development in tropical Africa, but lessons learnt from tropical America and Burkina Faso regarding the toxicity of compounds should be taken blighiq serious consideration. saipda
The wood is termite resistant, and may be used in the construction of different articles. Publisher Kampong Publications, California. In Florida, trees raised from seedlings start producing fruit after 3—6 years, while grafted trees produce fruit in 1—2 years.
For planting, Blighia sapida is usually propagated by seed, but cuttings can also be used; these readily develop roots under proper conditions. Archived from the original on 18 Bliyhia Flora of West Tropical Africa. Glucose stores are consequently depleted leading to hypoglycemia. The heartwood of Blighia sapida is orange-brown or reddish brown, and distinctly demarcated from the whitish sapwood.
At the end of the simmering process, the water is drained off and discarded as a precaution. Clarendon Press, Oxford, United Kingdom.
However, the arils of unripe seeds are toxic, as well as the blighiia. It is recommended to transplant in full sunlight and at a spacing of 4 m for timber production and 6—9 m for fruit production. A Guide to Identification and Cultivation. It is considered useful for soil improvement and erosion control. It is moderately heavy and hard.
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